‘Cultural awareness and expression’ is one of the eight key competences that form the reference tool which EU Member States to be integrate into strategies and infrastructure in the context of lifelong learning.

The other key competences are:

1) Communication in the mother tongue,

2) Communication in foreign languages,

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Teenagers and heritage

Teenagers tend to question the customs, traditions, habits, beliefs and attitudes which had been passed on to them during their childhood, while they seek their own place in the world and their own identity. During this search for one’s place in the world and among others, meaningful heritage can help young people reshape their own value system and identities.

Digital heritage resources:

Resources that have been digitalised as a way to preserve them (including text, images, video and records)

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For engaging young people with cultural heritage in a meaningful way, educational activities included the following characteristics

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Heritage education

Cultural heritage is used in the teaching environment, mainly to bring cultural heritage to the attention of as many pupils as possible and to enrich the learning processes.

Heritage education is an approach to teaching and learning based on the idea that heritage offers the opportunity to learners to engage in experiences that make them learn. By directly experiencing, examining, analysing and evaluating cultural heritage such as buildings, monuments, workplaces, landscapes, artefacts, rituals and traditions, learners gain knowledge, intellectual skills and a wider range of competences that enhance their capacities for maintenance and improvement of the society and ways of living.

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Our shared cultural heritage is at the heart of the European way of life. It surrounds us in our towns and cities, natural landscapes and archaeological sites. It is literature, art and monuments, crafts learnt from our ancestors, the stories we tell our children, the food we enjoy and the films we watch and in which we recognise ourselves. Cultural heritage defines who we are and strengthens our sense of belonging to a common European family. We all belong to a peaceful community of more than 500 million citizens with rich histories and interwoven cultures.

Cultural heritage shapes our everyday lives. It surrounds us in Europe’s towns and cities, natural landscapes and archaeological sites. It is not only found in literature, art and objects, but also in the crafts we learn from our ancestors, the stories we tell our children, the food we enjoy and the films we watch and recognise ourselves in.

Cultural heritage includes

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Our right to enjoy the arts, and to participate in the cultural life of the community is included in the United Nation’s 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Article 27

(1) Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits.
(2) Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which he is the author.

The Council of Europe Framework Convention on the Value of Cultural Heritage for the Society (Faro, 2005) gives most comprehensive definition of cultural heritage, embracing its tangible, intangible and digital dimension in a holistic way:

Cultural Heritage is a group of resources inherited from the past, which people identify, independently of ownership, as a reflection and expression of their constantly evolving values, beliefs, knowledge and transitions. It includes all aspects of the environment resulting from the interaction between people and places through time (Faro 2005).

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The Framework establishes a set of four principles and five main areas of continued action for Europe’s cultural heritage:

4 key principles

Holistic

Mainstreaming/integrated

Evidence-based policy making

Multi stakeholder

5 areas of continued action

an inclusive Europe: participation and access for all

a sustainable Europe: smart solutions for a cohesive and sustainable future

a resilient Europe: safeguarding endangered heritage

an innovative Europe: mobilising knowledge and research

a stronger global partnership: reinforcing international cooperation

Europe’s cultural heritage is a rich and diverse mosaic of cultural and creative expressions, an inheritance from previous generations of Europeans and a legacy for those to come. It includes natural, built and archaeological sites, museums, monuments, artworks, historic cities, literary, musical and audiovisual works, and the knowledge, practices and traditions of European citizens.

Cultural heritage enriches the individual lives of citizens, is a driving force for the cultural and creative sectors, and plays a role in creating and enhancing Europe’s social capital. It is also an important resource for economic growth, employment and social cohesion, offering the potential to revitalise urban and rural areas and promote sustainable tourism.

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“Culture Heritage and Gamification in Education” is related to the utilization of cultural heritage in education, by integrating the strategy of gamification in the modern school. As technology influences and is influenced by culture, and in this context, dialogue between them is more relevant and imperative than ever. The integration of this strategy is dictated by both pedagogical and socio-economic reasons, which stem from the influence of science and technology in the modern world. The digitization of cultural heritage and its integration into various subjects in school should go with an integrated approach to cultural heritage that, instead of isolating it from everyday life, encourages interaction between it and civil society.

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